Wednesday, November 10, Embrace: Billy Collins At first it seems like the reader is stepping into a lighthearted, almost jokey poem. The narrator is embracing themselves, longing for the company of another. You never looked so alone.
The Vatican rejected certain forms of Latin American liberation theology for focusing on institutionalized or systemic sin and for identifying Catholic Church hierarchy in South America as members of the same privileged class that had long been oppressing indigenous populations from the arrival of Pizarro onward.
It did, however, lay the groundwork, and since then liberation theology has developed rapidly in the Latin American Catholic Church. He represented a more orthodox position, becoming a favourite of Pope John Paul II and the "principal scourge of liberation theology.
Despite the orthodox bishops' predominance in CELAM, a more radical form of liberation theology remained much supported in South America. Thus, the Puebla Conference was an opportunity for orthodox bishops to reassert control of the radical elements, but they failed.
At the Puebla Conference, the orthodox reorientation was met by strong opposition from the liberal part of the clergy, which supported the concept of a " preferential option for the poor ". The general tone of his remarks was conciliatory.
He criticized radical liberation theology, saying, "this idea of Christ as a political figure, a revolutionary, as the subversive of Nazareth, does not tally with the Church's catechesis ";  however, he did acknowledge that "the growing wealth of a few parallels the growing poverty of the masses,"  and affirmed both the principle of private property and that the Church "must preach, educate individuals and collectivities, form public opinion, and offer orientations to the leaders of the peoples" towards the goal of a "more just and equitable distribution of goods".
Working from a seminary and with aid from sympathetic, liberal bishops, they partially obstructed other clergy's efforts to ensure that the Puebla Conference documents satisfied conservative concerns. According to a socio-political study of liberation theology in Latin America, a quarter of the final Puebla documents were written by theologians who were not invited to the conference.
In so doing, it explores the relationship between Christian theology especially Roman Catholic and political activism, especially in relation to economic justicepovertyand human rights.
The principal methodological innovation is seeing theology from the perspective of the poor and the oppressed. For example, Jon Sobrino argues that the poor are a privileged channel of God's grace.
Some liberation theologians base their social action upon the Bible scriptures describing the mission of Jesus Christas bringing a sword social unreste. It is only within the framework of this universality that we can understand the preference, that is, 'what comes first'.
God is disclosed in the historical "praxis" of liberation. It is the situation, and our passionate and reflective involvement in it, which mediates the Word of God. Today that Word is mediated through the cries of the poor and the oppressed.
History is the scene of the revelation God makes of the mystery of his person. His word reaches us in the measure of our involvement in the evolution of history.
Practice[ edit ] One of the most radical aspects of liberation theology was the social organization, or reorganization, of church practice through the model of Christian base communities.
Liberation theology strove to be a bottom-up movement in practice, with biblical interpretation and liturgical practice designed by lay practitioners themselves, rather than by the orthodox Church hierarchy.
In this context, sacred text interpretation is understood as "praxis". Liberation theology seeks to interpret the actions of the Catholic Church and the teachings of Jesus Christ from the perspective of the poor and disadvantaged.
In Latin America, liberation theologians specifically target the severe disparities between rich and poor in the existing social and economic orders within the nations' political and corporate structures.
It is a strong critique of the various economic and social structures, such as an oppressive government, dependence upon First World countries and the traditional hierarchical Church, that allow some to be extremely rich while others are unable to even have safe drinking water.
Base communities were small gatherings, usually outside of churches, in which the Bible could be discussed, and Mass could be said. They were especially active in rural parts of Latin America where parish priests were not always available, as they placed a high value on lay participation.
In Mayit was estimated that 80, base communities existed in Brazil. During Brazil's military rule from tothe Catholic Church and its members assumed responsibility to provide services to the poor and disenfranchised, often under threat of persecution.
Among these were an increase in landownership concentration, a decline in wages and standards of living, and a rise in the military state's political repression and violence, including mass detainment, torture, and the assassination of political opponents.
Faced with a severe priest shortage, much of the Brazilian Catholic Church is organized into Base Ecclesial Communities or, "CEBs" in which the Mass, community spirituality programs, and community needs are led or addressed by a single clergy member or a trained lay member in either a small chapel or an individual's home.
The CEBs introduced new social ideas and democratic methods which led to many participants' active involvement in popular movements of Brazil that worked for progressive social change.
A health program began there to try to organize the population in order to remedy widespread malnutrition, open sewers, and other health hazards.Dive deep into Billy Collins with extended analysis, commentary, and discussion.
The latest breaking news video and visual storytelling from HuffPost. “Embrace” By Billy Collins The most effective way for a poem to speak to the reader is by using a way of indirectly representing an image or an event. When the poet uses a filter, or a metaphor, he makes a figurative instead of a literal reference.
Taking a look at Billy Collins’ poem, “Embrace” [ ]. Photo by Gage Skidmore, via Wikimedia Commons.
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