Oliver Goldsmith She Stoops to Conquer: Catherine Cooper shows how the themes of She Stoops to Conquer are developed through contrasts, such as between age and youth, city and country, and high and low social class, and finds that behind those superficial contrasts deeper psychological contrasts are being explored.
In native Indian languages except in Dravidian languages such as Tamilthe distinction between aspirated and unaspirated plosives is phonemic, and the English stops are equated with the unaspirated rather than the aspirated phonemes of the local languages.
Native speakers of Indian languages prefer to pronounce the English alveolar plosives sound as more retroflex than dental,  and the use of retroflex consonants is a common feature of Indian English. One good reason for this is that unlike most other native Indian languages, Hindi does not have true retroflex plosives Tiwari,  The so-called retroflexes in Hindi are actually articulated as apical post-alveolar plosives, sometimes even with a tendency to come down to the alveolar region.
So a Hindi speaker normally cannot distinguish the difference between their own apical post-alveolar plosives and English's alveolar plosives. Languages such as Tamil have true retroflex plosives, however, wherein the articulation is done with the tongue curved upwards and backwards at the roof of the mouth.
The following are the variations in Indian English Pronunciations vary between rhotic and non-rhotic; with pronunciations leaning towards native phonology being generally rhotic, and others being non-rhotic. Thus, wet and vet are often homophones. A significant portion of Indians thus, even though their native languages do have its nearest equivalent: This replacement is equally true for Persian and Arabic loanwords into Hindi.
This is common among people without formal English education. Retroflex and dental consonants are not present and only alveolar consonants are used unlike other Indian languages. Exactly the opposite is seen for many Bengalis. This is usually dealt with by epenthesis.
Spelling pronunciation[ edit ] A number of distinctive features of Indian English are due to " the vagaries of English spelling ". Indians' tendency to pronounce English phonetically as well can cause divergence from Western English.
No other accent of English admits this voiced aspiration. This trait is also present in other South Asian dialects i.
The allophone used is a mild trill or a tap. Indian English, like most other Commonwealth dialectswill invariably use the British pronunciation. Similar effects of British colonisation are 're', 'ise', and 'our' spellings in words like 'metre', 'realise', and 'endeavour', respectively, which Americans would spell as 'meter', 'realize' and 'endeavor'.
Deletion is not commonly used. For example, "salmon" is usually pronounced with a distinct "l". Supra-segmental features[ edit ] English is a stress-timed languageand both syllable stress and word stresswhere only certain words in a sentence or phrase are stressed, are important features of received pronunciation.
Indian native languages are actually syllable-timed languageslike French. Indian-English speakers usually speak with a syllabic rhythm.
Thus, when some Indian speakers speak, they appear to put the stress accents at the wrong syllables, or accentuate all the syllables of a long English word. Certain Indian accents are of a "sing-song" nature, a feature seen in a few English dialects in Britain, such as Scouse and Welsh English.
Thus, the following scale is used: In digits International system.Short Essay on English Language. Article shared by. English is a global language and proficiency in it is a must to succeed in a globalized world.
British brought with them their language English to India and its global Nature has made it the lingua franca of India- a country with diverse regional Languages. Database of FREE English essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample English essays!
Discourse is a term becoming increasingly common in a wide range of academic and non-academic contexts. Discourse can be defined variously. Cook ( ) views discourse as “a stretch of language perceived to be meaningful unified and purposive”, whereas Nunan () asserts that .
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