Max Weber German sociologist, economist, and political theorist. Regarded as one of the founders of modern sociological thought, Weber has had an immense impact on social science in the twentieth century, especially in the United States, and was one of the first to construct a systematic, methodological approach to the study of human behavior in society. Basing his conclusions on the comparative study of nearly all the major world cultures, Weber analyzed the economic, political, intellectual, histori cal, and religious factors that contribute to modem social realities.
Early life and family relationships Weber was the eldest son of Max and Helene Weber. The elder Weber established himself as a fixture of the Berlin social milieu and entertained prominent politicians and scholars in the Weber household.
Though she gradually accepted a more tolerant theologyher Puritan morality never diminished. He, in turn, adopted a traditionally authoritarian manner at home and demanded absolute obedience from wife and children.
Weber left home to enroll at the University of Heidelberg ininterrupting his studies after two years to fulfill his year of military service at Strassburg. After his release from the military, however, Weber was asked by his father to finish his studies at the University of Berlin so that he could live at home while pursuing scholarship in legal and economic history.
At that time he received a temporary position teaching jurisprudence at the University of Berlin and married Marianne Schnitger, a second cousin, who would become his biographer and the editor of his collected works.
Marianne Weber was also a distinguished sociologist in her own right and an early figure in the field of feminist sociology. After his marriage Weber followed a compulsive work regimen that he had begun after his return to Berlin in Only through such disciplined labour, believed Weber, could he stave off a natural tendency to self-indulgence and laziness, which could lead to an emotional and spiritual crisis.
One year after his appointment at Berlin, he became a full professor in political economy at Freiburg, and the following year he attained that position at Heidelberg. He also wrote important essays on the German stock exchange and the social decline of Latin antiquity.
He was politically active in these years, working with the left-liberal Protestant Social Union. The Freiburg address The high point of his early scholarly career was his inaugural address at Freiburg inin which he pulled together some five years of study on the agrarian problems of Germany east of the Elbe into a devastating indictment of the ruling Junker aristocracy as historically obsolete.
Nor was the working class ready to accept the responsibilities of power. Only the nation as a whole, educated to political maturity by a conscious policy of overseas imperial expansion, could bring Germany to the level of political maturity attained by the French in the revolutionary and Napoleonic eras and by the British in the course of their imperial expansion in the 19th century.
His return to teaching in the autumn brought a brief respite, which ended in early with the first signs of the nervous collapse that would incapacitate him between mid and For five years he was intermittently institutionalized, suffering sudden relapses after slow recoveries and vain efforts to break such cycles by traveling.
He resigned his professorship at Heidelberg at the height of his illness. Later works In Weber was able to resume scholarly work, and an inheritance in made him financially independent.
He did not teach again until after World War I. The nature of his most important work after his partial recovery suggests that his prolonged agony had led him to develop brilliant insights into the relationship of Calvinist morality and compulsive labour, into the relationship between various religious ethics and social and economic processes, and into many other questions of lasting importance.
Indeed, Weber produced his most important work in the 17 years between the worst part of his illness and his death. Dissatisfied with the intellectual traditions of the social sciences and law in German and Western universities, Weber sought to develop a scientific approach that overcame their deficiencies.
Although he never fully defined a systematic research program explaining his comparative methodologyhis essays on the historical development of Eastern and Western societies suggest what such an approach might entail. Weber demonstrated that the comparative method was essential because the behaviour of institutions in societies could not be understood in isolation.
Even his popular work on the connection between Puritanism and the development of capitalism in the West cannot be fully understood without reference to his work on comparative institutions—e.
In preparation for work that he contemplated but never completed, Weber developed the ideal type as a methodological tool for comparative sociology.From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (Routledge Classics in Sociology) - Kindle edition by Max Weber, C.
Wright Mills. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.
Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (Routledge Classics in Sociology)/5(30).
Max Weber is a famous sociologist, political economist and the founder of the bureaucratic centralization theory. Weber's bureaucratic organization theory has profound influence on the entire western society and even the world since it birth (Turner, ). - According to Max Weber in Essays in Sociology, a state can be defined as a “human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.”.
- According to Max Weber in Essays in Sociology, a state can be defined as a “human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.”. From Max Weber: Essays in sociology [Max Weber, Hans Heinrich Gerth, C Wright Mills] on srmvision.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This book was originally published prior to , and represents a reproduction of an important historical work/5(30). Sociology, for Max Weber, is: From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology, / Weber's most influential work was on economic sociology, political sociology, and the sociology of religion.
Along with Karl Marx and Émile Durkheim, he is commonly regarded as one of the founders of modern sociology.