Tweet Ghazni is a historic and strategically important city in Afghanistan. It straddles the Kabul-Kandahar Highway, and is also close to the tribal areas in neighbouring Pakistan. The unfortunate city has just witnessed a fierce battle between Afghan security forces and the Afghan Taliban. The city residents remain caught in an increasingly dangerous situation, with both sides suffering heavy casualties numbering in hundreds.
Great Fire of Rome The first documented case of imperially supervised persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire begins with Nero 37— Some people suspected that Nero himself was the arsonist, as Suetonius reported,  claiming that he played the lyre and sang the 'Sack of Ilium ' during the fires.
In his Annals, Tacitus who wrote that Nero was in Antium at the time of the fire's outbreakstated that "to get rid of the report, Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class hated for their abominations, called Christians or Chrestians  by the populace" Tacit.
Annals XV, see Tacitus on Jesus. Suetonius, later to the period, does not mention any persecution after the fire, but in a previous paragraph unrelated to the fire, mentions punishments inflicted on Christians, defined as men following a new and malefic superstition.
Suetonius, however, does not specify the reasons for the punishment, he just lists the fact together with other abuses put down by Nero. The Church was not in a struggle for its existence during its first centuries,  before its adoption by the Roman Empire as its national religion.
Persecutions of Christians were sporadic and locally inspired. One traditional account of killing is the Persecution in Lyon in which Christians were purportedly mass-slaughtered by being thrown to wild beasts under the decree of Roman officials for reportedly refusing to renounce their faith according to St.
Tertullian 's Apologeticus of was ostensibly written in defense of persecuted Christians and was addressed to Roman governors. Trajan's policy towards Christians was no different from the treatment of other sects, that is, they would only be punished if they refused to worship the emperor and the gods, but they were not to be sought out.
According to Eusebius, the Imperial household of Maximinus' predecessor, Alexander, had contained many Christians. Eusebius states that, hating his predecessor's household, Maximinus ordered that the leaders of the churches should be put to death. Decius authorized roving commissions visiting the cities and villages to supervise the execution of the sacrifices and to deliver written certificates to all citizens who performed them.
Christians were often given opportunities to avoid further punishment by publicly offering sacrifices or by burning incense to Roman gods, and were accused by the Romans of impiety when they refused.
Refusal was punished by arrest, imprisonment, torture, and executions. Christians fled to safe havens in the countryside and some purchased their certificates, called libelli.
Several councils held at Carthage debated the extent to which the community should accept these lapsed Christians. The Christian church, despite no indication in the surviving texts that the edict targeted any specific group, never forgot the reign of Decius whom they labelled as that "fierce tyrant".
Roman authorities tried hard to avoid Christians because they "goaded, chided, belittled and insulted the crowds until they demanded their death.
The proconsul obliged some of them and then sent the rest away, saying that if they wanted to kill themselves there was plenty of rope available or cliffs they could jump off. The 2nd-century text Martyrdom of Polycarp relates the story of Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna, who did not desire death, but died a martyrbound and burned at the stake, then stabbed when the fire miraculously failed to touch him.
The Martyrdom of Polycarp advances an argument for a particular understanding of martyrdom, with Polycarp's death as its prized example. The example of the Phrygian Quintus, who actively sought out martyrdom, is repudiated.
According to two different Christian traditions, Simon bar Kokhbathe leader of the second Jewish revolt against Rome AD who was proclaimed Messiah, persecuted the Christians: Justin Martyr claims that Christians were punished if they did not deny and blaspheme Jesus Christ, while Eusebius asserts that Bar Kokhba harassed them because they refused to join his revolt against the Romans.
The Great Persecution[ edit ] Main article: Diocletian Persecution These persecutions culminated with the reign of Diocletian and Galerius at the end of the third century and the beginning of the 4th century. The Great Persecution is considered the largest.
Beginning with a series of four edicts banning Christian practices and ordering the imprisonment of Christian clergy, the persecution intensified until all Christians in the empire were commanded to sacrifice to the Roman gods or face immediate execution.
According to legend,one of the martyrs during the Diocletian persecution was Saint Georgea Roman soldier who loudly renounced the Emperor's edict, and in front of his fellow soldiers and tribunes claimed to be a Christian by declaring his worship of Jesus Christ.
Though Diocletian zealously persecuted Christians in the Eastern part of the empire, his co-emperors in the West did not follow the edicts so Christians in GaulSpainand Britannia were virtually unmolested. This persecution lasted until Constantine I came to power in and legalized Christianity.
It was not until Theodosius I in the later 4th century that Christianity would become the official religion of the Empire. Between these two events Julian II temporarily restored the traditional Roman religion and established broad religious tolerance renewing Pagan and Christian hostilities.
Martyrs were considered uniquely exemplary of the Christian faith, and few early saints were not also martyrs.Pakistan (Urdu: پاکِستان ), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان ), is a country in South srmvision.com is the sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding ,, people.
In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning , square kilometres (, square miles). Catch all the Top Latest and Daily news updates from Islamabad, Lahore & other Pakistan cities on politics, current affairs, local pakistan news and Pakistan relations with India and rest of the.
Pakistan’s disputes with neighboring India and Afghanistan periodically erupt in violence. Domestic attacks involving disparate terrorist and insurgent groups, and counter-offensives by Pakistan’s military, have killed tens of thousands of Pakistanis over a decade and forced nearly million from their homes.
Nov 23, · Pakistan Makes Concessions to Protesters in Blasphemy Case The government and Islamist leaders enraged over the acquittal of a woman accused of blasphemy struck a deal that allows further appeals. The Current Situation of Pakistan Economy Here you will come to know about the The Current situation of Pakistan economy from this site.
The economy of Pakistan is the 25th largest of purchasing power parity (PPP) in the world, and 43th largest gross domestic product in term of nominal.
31 July -- At the end of May , more than 38 million children under the age of 5 were vaccinated against polio in Pakistan.
The end of the May polio campaign marked the start of the “high season” for poliovirus transmission.