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Learn the advantages of using performance-based assessments by Jacalyn Lea Lund, PhD and Mary Fortman Kirk, PhD Many of the things that physical educators do during an instructional unit can be easily web based writing assessment test into performance-based assessments. By making a few modifications, writing out criteria for the performance, and gradually including performance-based assessments throughout a unit, a teacher can begin to transform current assessment practices into performance-based assessments.
Performance-based assessments provide several instructional advantages in physical education and can greatly increase the effectiveness of instruction and evaluation systems.
This section considers some advantages of using performance-based assessments. Additionally, game play, involves making decisions about which skill to use and thus requires students to evaluate a complex environment. Skill tests are merely an approximation of what a student must be able to do.
Direct observation of students performing in a real-world setting provides a powerful way to measure both their knowledge and their ability to apply it.
For example, when students take a test about tennis rules, the teacher assumes that the test measures the degree to which a student knows the rules, and if the questions are valid then this is a reasonable assumption.
However, a student might know the rules of tennis and demonstrate that knowledge on a written test yet be unable to apply them during a game. Thus performance-based assessments allow teachers to access information not available through traditional testing. Good Instructional Alignment Put simply, instructional alignment means that teachers test what they teach.
Teachers in his study demonstrated a significant difference in student learning when their assessments matched student learning.
When applying instructional alignment principles, teachers decide on a target, then test what they teach. This approach may seem logical, but the fact is that not all teachers use it.
Some teachers use written tests to evaluate learning for activity units. Too often, the material covered by a test comes from a one- or two-page handout on the history or rules of a game or sport, which means that the test ignores all the skill and game-play instruction involved in the unit.
In performance-based assessment, in contrast, the assessment can be the instructional task. Students know exactly what is expected of them and are given multiple opportunities to meet preannounced teacher expectations and criteria. Interesting Assessments Since performance-based assessments usually involve real-world tasks, students tend to find them more engaging and challenging.
Rather than studying just enough to get a good grade on a test, students spend many hours engaged in their projects and often explore and use sources beyond the teacher and textbook. In addition, when an assessment simulates what a person in the field might do, students have several role models to emulate e.
When an assessment results in a product or performance, students accomplish something they can be proud of.
Instructional Feedback Because they have a formative component, performance-based assessments provide high-quality feedback to students throughout the assessment. Since students have access to the rubric that is used to judge the final product, they can self-assess and peer-assess as they move through the assessment and receive additional feedback.
The overall purpose of assessment should be to enhance learning, and the primary reason to assess should be to give feedback to students about their progress. The second reason for doing assessments is to provide information to the teacher that can be used to shape instruction.
Measurement of Multiple Objectives and Concepts These days, physical education is often squeezed into an instructional curriculum loaded with classes that students were not required to take 10 years ago.
As a result, physical education teachers must make every minute count. Because performance-based assessments are linked with instruction, the two can be accomplished simultaneously, thus increasing instructional efficiency. Additionally, physical education teachers can often work with other teachers to do assessments that display competence in multiple areas.
For example, written assessments could be used to evaluate learning in both English and physical education, and fitness assessments could also be used to measure biology content knowledge.
Assessments involving other subject areas can be completed outside the gym, which maximizes time available for activity. Active Student Learning Performance-based assessments can empower students by giving them freedom to make choices, within parameters set by teachers, about the direction that their learning should take.
Giving students this kind of ownership of their learning process can be a powerful motivator.srmvision.com offers a variety of free personality tests and quizzes – although some of the site’s content is fee-based.
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|National Career Readiness Certificate||Jackson, EdD, James G. As previously mentioned, there are many types of performance-based assessments.|
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|VDOE :: English Standards of Learning Resources; Online Writing||Taken after October 15, Level-One Certificate: Approval for Dual Credit Registration A high school student is eligible to register in dual credit course selected on the Exceptional Admissions form if the student meets the course prerequisites outlined in the Description of Courses in the Lone Star College catalog.|
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